Category Archives: Testing Devices
Here we go with this numbers thing, again!
Our Racquet reviews are a bunch of numbers, but what do these numbers mean to you?
We have put together this table with a brief explanation of how each number can be used by you to understand how that property can be helpful.
If you see terms such as typical or normal, ignore them! With tennis players, there is no such thing as “typical and normal”!
If you need to be convinced, take a look at a previous post!
Please let us know if there is a number that needs more clarification or a number we are missing!
|Manufacturer||Yonex||What it Means|
|Racquet Model||Yonex VCore Pro 97 HD||Racquet being reviewed.|
|Reference Tension||55 lbs - 24.9 kg||Stringing machine tension setting. Not, necessarily, the string bed stiffness.|
|String||Ashaway MonoGut ZX Pro||String brand name and gauge (Pro being 17Gauge)|
|Machine Used||True Tension Professional||Stringing machine used.|
|ASPS, RDC||56||The stiffness of all the strings as a unit. Normally between 30 and 65.|
|ASPS, FlexFour||64.5||The stiffness of the string bed as tested on this device.|
|Racquet Flex, RDC||57 - After stringing||50 is low (flexible) and 70 is high (very stiff). Clash 100 is 52 on this device. As is a Head Speed model.|
|Racquet Flex, FlexFour||50||35 is low (flexible) 70 is high (very stiff). Clash 100 is 26 on this device.|
|Racquet - In Plane Stiffness||353.8 lbs/Inch||This is how stiff the racquet head is across the middle. 300 is soft and 500 is very stiff. This affects the string bed stiffness.|
|Weight, Grams||336||285 is light and 360 is heavy.
315 is minimum target weight for performance.
|Weight, Ounces||11.85||The racquet weight in ounces, typically used in US.|
|Balance, mm||322||This is the center of gravity from the butt cap. If you put the racquet on a round rod this would be how much is hanging toward the butt cap.|
|Balance, Inch||12.68||This is the CG in ounces for US. Points head heavy or head light is part of this.|
|Length, Cm||68.5||This is the total length of the racquet and is the typical standard adult length.|
|Length, Inch||26.968||This is length in inches for the US.|
|Head Width, Inches||9.57||The inside width of the hitting area.|
|Head Length, Inches||12.54||The inside length of the hitting area.|
|Head Area, cm2||625.8||The advertised hitting area in centimeters squared.|
|Head Area, Sq. Inch||97.0||The advertised hitting area in inches squared.|
|Number of Main Strings||18||The main strings are the vertical strings when looking at a standing racquet. Typically the longest strings.|
|Number of Cross Strings||20||The cross strings are the horizontal strings when looking at a standing
racquet. Typically shorter.
|Ratio Cross/Mains||.687||The natural ratio of the string pattern (calculated).|
|Main String Grid||7.25||The total distance between right and left main string.|
|Cross String Grid||10.18||The total distance between the first cross string and the last cross string.|
|Density (% of head filled with string)||.783|
|Average Cross String Space||.509||The higher this number the more the string will move. This number is used to help select the best string setup.|
|Average Main String Space||.403||The higher this number the more the string will move. This number is used to help select the best string setup.|
|Properties of a moving racquet.|
|Dynamic Tension, Kp, ERT||37||This is the stiffness of a string bed in kilograms per centimeter based on a frequency.|
|Dynamic Tension, Lbs/in||206.94||This is the above converted to pounds per inch.|
|First Moment, Nm||.831||This is how heavy the racquet feels in the hand. The higher the number the heavier the racquet will feel.|
|Polar Moment||340||This is the resistance to rotating about the center of the racquet on, say a mimes-hit. The higher the better.|
|Torsional Stability||16||This is the derived stability number. The higher the better within reason. Anything below 14 would need some help.|
|Swing Weight, Kg/cm2||324||This is the "inertia" of the racquet and probably the most important number in the review! The higher the number the more momentum through the ball but less manueverability.|
|Swing Weight, Ounces||11.43|
|Swing Weight Calculated||348.4||This number will be larger than the previous swing weight because it is calculated from the very end of the racquet as if there is no one holding it. A very important number.|
|Power, Calculated||1740.5||This number is calculated based on racquet properties.|
|Head Points||6.46 (negative = head heavy)||This number is how positive or negative the balance is. A "point" is ⅛ of an inch so this racquet is a little over ¾ of an inch head light.|
|Head Weight, %||47.0%|
|Center of Percussion||21.0||This is the spot on the string bed that returns a solid hit.|
|Dwell Time, ms||8.50||This is how long the ball and string are in contact with no swing. A big swing will reduce this number by about half.|
|Efective Stiffness - lbs||28.2||This number is calculated from the string bed stiffness and the racquet stiffness. Anything under 30 will be "soft" feeling and over 35 will be "harsh".|
|Recoil Weight||160.8||This number is the racquets resistance to rotating backward. The higher the number the better for volleys.|
|Twist Weight||230.8||This is the racquets resistance to twisting in your hand. The higher the better.|
|End Weight||139.8||This weight is used to calculate the precise balance of the racquet.|
|Tip Weight||196.2||This weight is used to calculate the precise balance of the racquet.|
|9 O'Clock||100.4||This is the weight of that position on the racquet head and is used for precise customization.|
|3 O'Clock||99.6||This is the weight of that position on the racquet head and is used for precise customization.|
|Butt Cap||135.6||This is the weight of that position on the racquet and is used for precise customization.|
2019 came and went in a blur! In a few days it will 2020 and with it will come some exciting new tennis stuff, for sure!
I am not so good at predicting things but I do it anyway! Here are a few predictions I will make for 2020:
- Tennis racquets will become more expensive, but only slightly.
- On-line sales of tennis racquets will increase. See this previous post.
- Customer satisfaction with on-line sales will decrease.
- Small specialty tennis shops will be the source of information, then #2, and then #3.
- Players will stick with a racquet longer, making customizations as needed.
- String and stringing will become a more important component of a racquet purchase. See below!
- Tennis related injuries will continue to be a problem for the sport going forward.
Thank you for thinking about the “long term” for all tennis players!
There are no bad strings just bad applications!
The right equipment is crucial to the long term enjoyment, and winning, of tennis!
The local representatives I deal with are committed to our “well being” even though some may feel like they are facing “extinction”!
An excellent example of what we are talking about just walked in! Two (2) new racquets so poorly strung it is shocking!
The customer is having serious arm issues with an excellent racquet, with a terrible string setup! But the string setup is probably considered by many to be the ultimate combination, that is RPM Blast in the main and VS Touch in the cross! That combination is coming out in a few minutes! No more polyester!
The quality of the stringing is what is so wrong! Had you or I received this racquet, we would have returned it at once! Why? Because it exemplifies the attitude of so many stringers that is “who cares”!
Happy New Year!
Thank you for listening to the Racquet Quest Podcast!
I am posting here to make an addition and a correction to a previous podcast, and this is quicker than waiting for a week or so for a new episode.
The “Stringing and Racquet Data” podcast was cut short, so I will finish it here.
We were talking about the three (3) scale system we use to determine the torsional balance. The racquet is weighed at the midpoint of the head at the “top” and “down,” and the butt cap is resting on the third scale, and that is called the “butt.”
I don’t recall the podcast numbers right off, so I will use numbers from another racquet to explain. The racquet is a Wilson Ultra 100. The “top” weight is 95.3 grams, the “down” weight is 96.0 grams, and the “butt” is 119.9 grams for a total of 311.2 grams (10.97 oz.). So you can see the difference between the “top” and “down” number is only .7 grams, which is about a quarter of the weight of a vibration damper!
However, if this number was over 5 grams, we may want to “match” the numbers a little more closely! But, what if we wanted to increase the “top” weight by a lot to have the head heavier on one side than the other side? Why? Maybe a “training” aid to remind the player to keep the head lower, for example. Our experience shows that a difference between the “top” and “down” of 6 grams is noticeable.
On the Yonex VCore Pro 97 – Racquet Review, I noticed after the fact that I had indicated the Ereca System calculated the balance (CG) to within one-tenth of a centimeter! That would be pretty good, but in fact, the Ereca System calculates to within a tenth of a millimeter! Very precise! As of now, the Ereca System does not calculate swing weight as I tried to correct on the podcast but wanted to confirm that point.
Thank you for visiting the Racquet Quest website and listening to the Racquet Quest Podcast! Please let me know if you have any questions and suggestions for exciting topics!
Yes, I mean it!
Keep reading to see why I suggest you “play like a girl.”
About a year ago, a little girl, Meera, about 12 years old, came into the World Headquarters to demo a few racquets. She was committed to getting better and wanted a racquet that would help her.
After a few demos, she selected the Head Graphene Touch Radical Pro. During the discussion of how we were going to set up these new racquets, I mentioned the Head Pro Cap System that is compatible with this model.
If you are not familiar with the “cap” system, it is the plastic parts that fit over the head of the racquet to protect the string. All racquets have a grommet set, but the “cap” system encloses the string as it is installed therefore is more substantial than the standard grommet set. The racquet on the left has the “cap” system.
She purchased two (2) Head Graphene Touch Radical Pro, one with and one without the cap system.
So, other than doing a great job of protecting string it also provides additional inertia, or momentum, that blasts the racquet through the incoming tennis ball!
This momentum creates stability, and a stable racquet will be more powerful and controllable!
But wait, what about all that additional weight? That is the question we hear anytime we suggest adding weight to a racquet.
Weight is your friend! Every player is different so matching the racquet to the physical capabilities is critical!
It was so much of a friend to Meera that she quickly came in to have the second Head Graphene Touch Radical Pro fitted with the “cap” system and both racquets fitted with a Head Leather grip! The leather grip adds about 10 grams to the rear end of the racquet.
So, what are the specifications of this racquet that is being used successfully by a 12-year-old girl?
Take a look at these then tell me you can’t use a “heavier” racquet:
Weight: 360 grams (12.7 ounces)
SwingWeight: 344 Kg/cm² (12.1 ounces)
Points Head Light: 8.03…yes, still very much headlight!
Torsional Stability: 22…very good!
Recoil Weight: 176.9
Twist Weight: 246.9
*Ereca End Weight: 153.0
*Ereca Tip Weight: 207.0
*Ereca is a French company that designs and manufactures racquet diagnostic equipment.
Do yourself a favor and Play Lkie a Girl!
There is more to this story so keep checking back, and, if you have questions please click on “Ask John” above or respond to this post and I will try to answer them.
It is raining today and it felt like a good time to talk about “string bed stiffness”…so let’s go!
This quick video will make a plea to you tennis players to demand more from your racquet technician so you are getting the most from your equipment.
Thank you for watching!