Category Archives: Polyester
Of course color matters! Brands have made history on color! Prince Green, Head Orange, Babolat Blue, for racquets but what about string?
Sure, again! Luxilon Silver, Babolat Black, Solinco Green, Victrex Putty…what? Which of these monofilament strings do not have any color pigment?
If you guessed the Victrex you would be correct. But why not? The natural color of the polymer is probably the very strongest a string can be, however, without color they would not be at all interesting or recognizable! The natural Victrex color is typically what we use when evaluating the string because it is visually different.
Victrex does make strings with black-pigment, but this post is about the difference pigmentation can make in a string. In a previous post some years go we determined that color had very little affect on string properties and this evaluation shows pretty much the same result in a different format.
You can see by this graph there is very little difference between the two Volkl V-Star strings. In fact it would be safe to say the strings are identical.
The little video you see above is just a reminder that we do not promote polyester based string for underage players! So, what is underage? Oh, under 100 would be a good number, I think!
OK, smart alec what are the options?
- No Polyester
Well, there are many, however, if the option is only relative to “no polyester” the best option is PEEK material. This material is usually referred to by the brand name Zyex which is the fiber division of Victrex of England and known by the Ashaway name as well. This material is normally found as a monofilament construction as is most polyester materials.
PEEK/Zyex offers exceptional durability and energy!
- Premium Playability
Natural gut still is the number one playing string available. We use Babolat and Luxilon natural gut but there are other options like Pacific, Klip, and others.
- Excellent Playability
Multifilament construction can act as a spring and return both performance, power, and comfort. Typically the more individual fibers the better. These fibers are usually bonded with a soft adhesive and show signs of “fraying” during use.
Strings in this category include Tecnifibre, Ashaway, Babolat, Head, Yonex, and Gosen and others. Expect to pay $42.00 + for these strings installed.
These multifilament strings are typically constructed using fewer larger diameter fibers to enhance durability. The same “fraying” occurs with this grade of string as well however the larger diameter will last a bit longer usually.
Strings in the category include Tecnifibre, Babolat, Head, Yonex, IsoSpeed, Gamma, and others. Expect to pay between $35.00 and $40.00 for these strings installed.
There are probably 10000 strings that fall under this umbrella! 9999 of these strings will be a nylon core with one or two overwraps bonded to the outer surface. This material and construction has been around for many, many years and has offered great service to millions of tennis players…and is still in major use today!
Strings in this category include at least one, and probably many more, set from every major brand! If you are really cost-conscious do not overlook this material. Expect to pay $27.00 to $35.00 for these strings installed.
And lastly, what is our gripe with polyester? Click on the link below to find out!
As always, our position is “there are no bad strings just bad applications!”
In Part Un we discussed the difference between shanking (mis-hit) and friction failure. It was obvious that the string was broken. But what happens when it is not so obvious?
Part Deux, this part, will examine the frictional notching failure of monofilament string and how we can be prepared for it! To further refine this discussion we will be comparing PET polyester has PEEK monofilament string. The reason is that each material while both will notch one requires more time to reach the critical dimensional decrease that is a failure!
In almost every Racquet Quest Podcast we talk about tension v string diameter and agree that once 50% of the string diameter is notched away the string is vulnerable! So a .050 (1.27mm) diameter string that has a tensile strength of 120 pounds at 50% notching will have 60 pounds of tensile strength remaining.
This graph is a string that was broken during use. The string was removed from the racquet. The top line is the tensile strength in the area of no notching so you can see that it is pretty strong still and has stabilized due to use. That stabilization is indicated by the very tight stress/strain grouping.
However, things go sideways when the notched area of the string is put under stress. The string failed at a force of 63.8 pounds, or about 59% of the used tensile strength. Not bad!
So, notching is failure-inducing but how long it takes to create the fatal notch differs with string material. This particular set of strings had about six (6) hours of play.
In Part Trois, we will look at PEEK material under the same conditions!
Well, in the simplest terms, failure tells us it is time to have the request strung! However, there may be subtleties in string failure that can help us in our quest for tennis racquet performance.
Is the failure shear related or tensile strength related? Was friction the major contributor to the failure? Where did the failure occur (on the racquet, not the court)? Was the failure during play or in the bag?
Shear-related failure is when the string breaks very near the racquet frame. This failure is called a mis-hit or shank! It is like cutting the string with a pair of scissors!
Friction failure is caused by just that, friction! Friction is caused by the string moving on each other. That rubbing creates friction and notches the string where it will fail.
If the racquet failed during play and it is not shear-related, the tensile strength of the string was exceeded. If a string has a tensile strength of 120 pounds and the tension is 60 pounds leaving 60 pounds to be used to hit the ball. Some big hitters can generate at least that much force on a solid forehand!
This graph shows the tensile strength of the string to be about 115 pounds. Given the movement of this string-on-string, the frictional notching can contribute to relatively early failure based on the hitters force.
This graph shows the tensile strength of the string to be about 155 pounds but it has to travel (stretches) further to reach that force.
So, you can see, with this information we can make better decisions when asked to suggest a string, or strings, for a client!
We all have heard the question “which comes first the chicken or the egg”? However, my question is “Which comes first the game or the string”?
I believe they happen simultaneously. But first a quick story.
In 2005 I was attending a Head product introduction on the island of Mallorca, Spain, Yes, that one!
The product introduction was exciting but what I am going to tell you about now was even more meaningful.
The Director of one of the top US Tennis Training organizations, at that time, was there and we were discussing teaching techniques and what he said after being in this part of Europe was “we need to start teaching our players how to hit this way!” Well, “this way” was the way of low-powered strings that were popular in Europe but not so much in the US, yet.
So, it began! The players could not hit harder, like the Europeans, unless they used the same string material as the Europeans and that was very stiff and mostly PET polyester.
So, the idea was the “egg” and the string was the “chicken”, sort of! I guess the feeling was that “if Americans are going to compete we must use the same equipment”.
Now, I believe the professional game can go on about its way but otherwise, we need to consider changing the game by returning to a combination of comfort and playability.
Our history shows us that the “high performance” life span of many polyester strings is about 2-3 hours, or less, maybe about 10-12 games. We don’t believe this is quite long enough for most players. But, how do you quantify “performance”? It may be different things for different players.
There are many components to performance but what if it was associated with UTR data? Racquet Quest can track UTR numbers and make some determinations based on that data. If a UTR is stable or increasing it is a good bet that the performance of the player and equipment is OK. However, if the UTR is slipping it is a good indication that something is not working as it should…but what?
We have found that, in some cases, it is injury or discomfort, that is causing the slippage! Stop it! The following data is for a 12 month period and acquired from the UTR website. Even small positive changes are tough! But negative changes seem to have an enormous impact more quickly than positive changes!
|A||Head Speed||PEEK||12.84||12.86||+ .02|
|B||Babolat Pure Aero||Polyester||10.91||9.56||-1.35|
|C||Head Radical MPA||PEEK||4.50||5.61||+1.11|
|D||Wilson Pro Staff 97||PEEK||5.0||7.03||+2.03|
|E||Babolat Pure Aero||PEEK||3.8||5.64||+1.84|
|F||Wilson Blade 98||Polyester||10.0||9.41||-.59|
|G||Head Radical Pro||Natural Gut||3.7||5.15||+1.45|